Do you often struggle with deciphering between a food allergy and a food intolerance?
Well, fear no more!
What is a Food Allergy?
A food allergy occurs when your immune system reacts to a specific food protein with a hyper-exaggerated response. This reaction can lead to symptoms such as hives, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, and wheezing. On the other hand, a food intolerance is not directly related to your immune system and usually stems from a deficiency in your body’s digestive enzymes.
This is caused by a special antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE). Once this antibody Immunoglobulin E is produced it binds to an allergy cell and waits to be activated by the seemingly harmless food protein. Once these allergy cells are activated by this food protein and chemicals and mediators such as (histamine) are released. This release of histamine and other mediators cause hives, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing and wheezing symptoms that can occur with a food allergic reaction.
What is a food intolerance?
A food intolerance can be well differentiated from a food allergy as it does not even involve the immune system. A food intolerance usually stems from a deficiency in your body’s digestive enzymes. Typical symptoms can include bloating, gas, diarrhea, cramps, headaches, and migraines. A typical example of this is in the case of milk intolerance.
Food Allergies Vs. Intolerance Chart
Why is it important to differentiate between Food Allergies and a Food Intolerance?
It’s essential to differentiate between whether you have a food allergy vs. a food intolerance, as the testing and management required will vary depending on your diagnosis. If you’re suspected of having an allergy, your allergist may recommend skin or blood testing, whereas for an intolerance may lead symptom diary management or an elimination diet may be suggested.
Did you know…
that an estimated 32 million Americans suffer from food allergies? In fact, allergies have become increasingly common for both adults and children over the past decade. Allergic conditions in general have been increasing and have become the 6th most common disease in the US.
Frequently Asked Questions
I’ve never had a food allergic reaction. Is it possible I still have allergies?
The body’s immune response to external substances is not always obvious. Even if you have never had your eyes water in the springtime or felt the helpless feeling of your throat swelling after eating peanuts, you could still be living with allergies without knowing it. You could have a food allergy and not be aware of it, since you never ingested the offending food.
How will you determine what – if anything – I am allergic to?
If you do have symptoms, itchy watery eyes, nasal congestion, sneezing, coughing, wheezing, itchy skin etc, then it is best to schedule an appointment to be evaluated. You can schedule a virtual care appointment for a consultation to discuss or you can schedule an in-person appointment. Your allergist will take a detailed history to understand your concerns and then will determine the next best step or testing to help you with your allergic condition. Your allergist will determine if your symptoms first are related to an allergy or an intolerance. This is extremely important because food allergies may require skin and blood testing, whereas food intolerance do not require allergy skin testing. By reviewing a patient’s symptoms and eliminating certain foods from his or her diet, we can pinpoint the allergy and create a plan for managing it.
What types of food allergy immunotherapies are available?
We offer three treatment options for food allergies: Avoidance, Oral immunotherapy (OIT) and/or Food sublingual immunotherapy (Food SLIT). We find that many patients benefit from these treatments offerings. Food allergy management is a personalized approach as each allergy and family is different. We look forward to helping you and your family achieve #allergyfreedom with TexasAllergyMD.
For more information about our Personalized Food Immunotherapy Treatments contact our office to schedule a consultation today.
|Food Allergy||Food Intolerance|
|Symptoms||Hives, swelling, coughing, wheezing, throat tightness, vomiting, diarrhea, anaphylaxis||Bloating, gas, diarrhea, cramping, headache, migraine, irritability|
|Timing||Usually immediately after ingesting offending food 20 min-2 hours||Several hours|
|Frequency||Predictable and every time the offending food is ingested||Inconsistently, not every single time the food is ingested|
|Severity||Can be severe and life threatening||Not life threatening|
|Common foods||Milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, sesame, fish and shellfish||Lactose, fructose and chemicals in foods|
|Treatment||Avoidance, Food Sublingual Immunotherapy, Oral Immunotherapy||Identify the underlying cause and eliminate|